Survey of Archaeological Periods—Bronze and Iron Age Sicily

Sicilian Early Bronze to Iron Ages: Sicilian history is far from uniform. For example, what happens along the eastern shore during the Diana period may or may not be analogous to what is happening in the mid-west. Cultural translation moved slowly into the middle of the island from the eastern epicenters. Of course, ideas and wares did move west, eventually finding a home in large cities and their surrounding settlements. By the Castelluccian period, regular contact appears to have been made over much of the island (Halloway 2000: 21). The three main phases of the Bronze Age are as follows: Castelluccio (Early Bronze Age), Thapsos (Middle Bronze Age) and Pantalica (Late Bronze Age). Early Br

Religious Connections Between the Ancient East and West Fertile Crescent

Readers are told that the study of the history of religions should aim "to reconstruct religion on the basis of its extant remains: belief through texts, cult through material culture" (Dever, 1987). As noble as this sounds, it does not adequately describe the process of discovering an ancient religion. If we try to reconstruct religious belief only through their texts (ignoring how they worship) or cult only through material culture (ignoring their ritual texts), what we find may be something other than what they believed and practiced. The study of religion needs, when possible, to take both of these approaches into question—we need to study both texts and cultic practices. Of course, the

Survey of Archaeological Periods—Bronze and Iron Age Levant

Early Bronze Age The Bronze Age extends from 3300BC to 1200BC – the time of the great migration. As any good archaeological age, the Bronze Age is split up into three periods: early, middle, and late. Early Bronze is split into four periods of time: EBI, EBII, EBIII, and EBIV, though this last period has been highly controversial. The following period, Middle Bronze, is also cut into chunks, but now everything gets confusing. MB is divided into MBIIA and MBIIB/C, MBI now being obsolete, as that period has been transferred over into the Early Bronze age in the form of EBIV. So the dating for these periods looks something like this: The history of Palestine is that of growth, collapse, and gro

History of Archaeological Theory

Anthropological and Archaeological Thought It is important to note that although many theories and approaches have founders or authors, dates of use or extent of practiced theories are impossible to ascertain. Many within a certain theoretical school did not know that they were within that school of thought, as the proponents of the next dominant view often labeled the one before. For the most part, scholars simply used a combination of adherence to or disapproval of what came before in addition to a skeptical view of the views of their peers. Evolutionary Thought Archaeology reached the point where the scientific method became the norm around the same time that anthropology began to look at

History of Archaeology

We could perhaps say that the history of archaeological research began when the first man picked up a broken piece of pottery or worked ston

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